Fr. Bauer's Blog

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.  
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/110914.cfm 

This weekend we celebrate the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran in Rome.   When this Feast falls on a Sunday it replaces the normal celebration for that Sunday, in this case the 32nd Sunday in Ordinary Time.    The Basilica of St. John Lateran is the Cathedral Church of Rome.  It is where the Pope presides as Archbishop of Rome.   The more well known, St. Peter’s Basilica, is the Church were the Pope presides as head of the universal Church.  

Our Gospel reading for this Sunday is the story of the cleansing of the Temple.   This is one of the few stories that is found in all four Gospels.  We are told that Jesus went to the temple area and ”found those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, as well as money changers seated there.”   Now to be fair, these people were providing a needed service.   Often people came from a distance to offer sacrifice at the Temple.  For them to bring their offering with them would have been a hardship.  It was much easier to buy what your needed when you got to the Temple.  The difficulty was that it had gotten completely out of hand.   The Temple had become a marketplace and not a house of prayer.   On this Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, this story reminds us that our churches are places of God’s presence and our prayer.   

Our first reading this weekend is from the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel.  The Temple in Jerusalem had been destroyed, but Ezekiel offered a vision of the Temple’s restoration and a lavishness of new life streaming forth from the Temple.   

Our second reading this weekend is from the first Letter of Saint Paul to the Corinthians.   In the section we read this weekend, Paul tells us:  “Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”

Questions for reflection/discussion:

1.  At times my prayer feels like the Temple in this Sunday’s Gospel --- filled with a lot of commotion and little quiet.   Is that true for you as well?
2.  Have you ever experienced God’s new life pouring into your life?
3.  Have you ever thought of yourself as the temple of God in which God’s Spirit dwells in you?  

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.   
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/110214.cfm 

This Sunday we celebrate The Commemoration of All Souls.  This Feast is always celebrated on November 2nd,  and this week it displaces the celebration of the 31st Sunday in Ordinary Time. On this day we remember and pray for our deceased relatives and friends, but also for all those who have died marked with the sign of faith.   

Our readings for this feast remind us that our God is a God of life and love, and that God wants to share God’s life and love with us not just in this world, but in the life to come.   This is the clear message of Jesus in our Gospel today.   “And this is the will of the one who sent me, that I should not lose anything of what he gave me, but that I should raise it on the last day.  For this is the will of my Father,  that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him, may have eternal life, and I shall raise him up on the last day.”  

Our first reading this Sunday is from the Book of Wisdom.   Although this Book was written about one hundred years before the time of Christ, it clearly reflects a belief in some kind of eternal life. The opening lines of today’s reading speak clearly of this belief:  “The souls of the just are in the hand of God and no torment shall touch them.   They seemed in the view of the foolish to be dead, and their passing away was thought an affliction and their going forth from us utter destruction. But they are in peace.”  

Our second reading this Sunday is from the Letter of Saint Paul to the Romans.   In this reading, Paul is clear about our belief in the resurrection of the dead.  “For if we have grown into union with him (Christ) through a death like his, we shall also be united with him in the resurrection.”  

Questions for Reflection/Discussion:

1.  What helps you to believe in eternal life?   
2.  How would you explain eternal life to someone who didn’t believe in it?  
3.  Do you believe people can lose the opportunity to enjoy eternal life? 

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.  
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/102614.cfm

In our Gospel this Sunday, like our Gospel last Sunday, we once again see two groups --- who would not have been considered allies --- come to Jesus with a question.   In this case the Pharisees and the Sadducees, come to Jesus and one of them “a scholar of the law” asked Jesus: “Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?”  Now this would not have been all that unusual a question.   There were over 600 precepts or commandments in Judaism, and Rabbis and Teachers were often asked by their followers to offer some kind of order to them.   The scholar of the law must have been at least somewhat surprised at Jesus’ answer.   For Jesus didn’t give just one commandment, but two.   “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.  This is the greatest and the first commandment.  The second is like it; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.”   

In linking these two commandments Jesus is clear.  We cannot say we love the God we do not see, if we do not love the neighbor we do see.   Love of God and love of neighbor go hand in hand.   And as the old song has it: You can’t have one without the other. 

Our first reading this Sunday is taken from the Book of Exodus.  In the section we read this weekend the people are warned that they are not to mistreat or oppress aliens, widows or orphans.  These groups were among the weakest and most vulnerable, and God was clear that the mistreatment of them would bring dire consequences. While not explicitly a call to love your neighbor, it is clear that the people are called to care for those who are less fortunate.   

Our second reading this weekend is from the first Letter of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. Paul congratulates the Thessalonians for imitating him and the Lord, and thus spreading the faith.  “For from you the word of the Lord has sounded forth, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith in God has gone forth.”    

Questions for Reflection/Discussion:

1.  How do you love God with all your heart, soul, and mind?   
2.  It is easy to love our neighbor in the abstract, but how do we do this in concrete and practical ways?   
3.  How can we lead others to Christ, by the witness of our lives?   

Try as we might to prevent it, every now and again during one of our Masses someone will put leaflets or flyers on the windshields of cars in our parking lots. Now this hasn’t happened recently, but with elections around the corner, it wouldn’t surprise me if it did. I think two things need to be said in regard to these leaflets and flyers.

First, I am convinced that the people who leaflet cars during Mass do so out of a sense of commitment to their cause or candidate. From a certain perspective, this is commendable. It reminds us that we have the right to participate in the political process on all levels. The problem is that someone could infer that because the leafleting occurred on Basilica property, that The Basilica was endorsing a particular cause, or candidate for that cause. In this regard, we need to be clear. While The Basilica—like all Catholic Churches—has the right and the responsibility to commend and endorse positions on moral issues, it cannot, has not, and will not endorse a particular candidate for any political office at any level, even if that candidate espouses our values and moral principles.  

Walking the line between clearly stating our moral principles and beliefs, and appearing to endorse a particular candidate, can be very difficult. On the one hand, our Church has a fundamental commitment to stand for justice. This commitment demands that the Church, as an institution, just like its individual members, must involve itself in fashioning and maintaining the common good. However, a distinction needs to be made as to how this is done. One way is to get involved in advocating for particular issues, e.g. respect for life, housing, jobs, economic issues. Another option is to support particular candidates or political parties. Individual Christians may do either or both. The Church as an institution may only do the first. The Church needs to remain apart from partisan politics in order that it can speak more clearly, freely and in an unbiased manner for fundamental moral values.  

While I think we do a good job of this at The Basilica, we need to be honest that at times the Catholic Church in the United States has failed in this regard. At times we have all heard U.S. priests and bishops become so strident about an issue at election time that it seems they are endorsing a particular candidate or party. We need to remember, though, that for the Church, values are what is most important and what is at stake. Endorsing particular candidates or a particular party limits our Church’s ability to speak with authority to all the issues. The Church needs to refrain from partisan politics in order to speak more effectively and from the perspective of justice, to all the issues. 

I’m hoping that no one leaflets any cars at The Basilica during this election season. But in case it happens, please know this was not done with our permission. If it does happen, though, may it spur all of us to participate in the electoral process and give witness to our beliefs and values by voting.

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser. 
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/101914.cfm 

Our Gospel this Sunday is a good example of the saying: “The enemy of my enemy is my friend.”  In this Gospel we see the Pharisees joining forces with the Herodians in an effort to entrap Jesus on the question of paying the census tax to Caesar.  The two groups would have been very unlikely allies.  The Herodians would have favored paying the census tax to Caesar, while the Pharisees would have opposed this.  And yet these two groups united to approach Jesus with the question:  “Is it lawful to pay the census tax to Caesar or not?”   Jesus was in a tough spot.  If he said yes to paying the tax he would lose standing with those who opposed the Roman occupation of Israel.  If he said no, he could be seen as an insurrectionist.  Jesus, though, shrewdly sidestepped the question by asking to see the coin used to pay the census tax.  (In asking to see the coin he sends the clear message that he himself did not have such a coin.)   When given the coin Jesus asked “Whose image is this and whose inscription?”  They replied “Caesar’s.”  Jesus then said;   “Then repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God.”   While the coin bore the image of Caesar, the unasked question in this exchange is “What bears the image of God, and therefore needs to be given to God?”  The answer of course is us.  We are all made in the image and likeness of God.   

Our first reading this weekend is from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah.  In the section we read this Sunday God uses King Cyrus --- who was not Jewish --- to reestablish Israel.  He tells Cyrus: “I have called you by your name, giving you a title, though you knew me not.”   This reminds us that God can call and choose anyone to achieve God’s purpose.

Our second reading this weekend contains the opening verses of the first Letter of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians.   After an opening greeting Paul thanks the Thessalonians for their “work of faith and labor of love and endurance in hope of our Lord Jesus Christ………...” 

Questions for Reflection/Discussion:
1.  Do you see yourself as belonging to God because you are created in God’s image? 
2.  Have you ever felt that God had used you to bring about God’s will?
3.  If someone followed you around for a day would they be able to recognize and thank you for your work of faith and labor of love and endurance in hope of our Lord Jesus Christ?   

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser. 
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/101214.cfm   

R.S.V.P.  Re’pondez  s’il vous plait.   This seems like such a simple request, and yet, so often it is ignored.   Certainly this indicates a lack of social grace.  The people in our Gospel parable today, however, were guilty of more than just a lack of social graces when they ignored the invitation to the wedding feast.   We are told they not only “refused to come to the feast,” but in some cases “laid hold of and mistreated the King’s servants and even killed them.”   What kind of people would do this?   Well, I suspect they differ from us in only in degree. They were people who had become so self-absorbed that they couldn’t recognize the gift/invitation that was being offered to them.        

While the angry response of the King seems exaggerated, it is tempered by his largess and generosity in sending his servants to invite to the feast whomever they could find.    This reminds us that no one is beyond the reach and embrace of our God’s love.   But what about the person who was ejected because he didn’t wear a wedding garment.   Well, since guests frequently came from a distance over dirty and dusty roads, the host often provided an opportunity for them to clean up, as well as a fresh garment for them to wear.  The guest’s refusal to comply with this custom went beyond rudeness and would have been insulting to the host.   The message in this is clear.  It is not enough just to show up.  Something more is required.  

Our first reading this weekend from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah, speaks of the lavish banquet that God has prepared for his people.   But, as in the Gospel reading, it is necessary that people respond to God’s invitation to this banquet. 

In our second reading this weekend from the Letter of Saint Paul to the Philippians, Paul reminds us that in every situation and circumstance he “can do all things in him who strengthens me.”   

Questions for Reflection:

1.  Looking back can you see where you have failed to respond to or even rejected an invitation from God?
2.  Have there been times when you’ve just shown up in response to God’s invitation, without doing anything else?  
3.  In our second reading Paul talked about living in widely divergent circumstances.   He then said:  “I can do all things in him who strengthens me.”   Can you think of a time when you were strengthened to do something that initially you didn’t think you could do?  

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.   
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/100514.cfm

In our Gospel this Sunday Jesus told the chief priests and elders of the people a story and then asked their opinion.  The story is simple. We are told that a landowner “planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower.  Then he leased it to tenants and went on a journey.”   Unfortunately, when vintage time drew near and he sent his servants to obtain his produce: “The tenants seized the servants and one they beat another they killed, and a third they stoned.”   The landowner sent more servants, “but they treated them in the same way. Finally he sent his son to them thinking; ‘They will respect my son.’”  But when the tenants saw the son, “They seized him, threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.”   At this point, Jesus asked the chief priests and elders of the people: “’What will the owner of the vineyard do to those tenants when he comes?’”  They answered him, ‘He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other tenants.’”  Jesus concluded this exchange by saying:  “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that will produce its fruit.”   

Clearly the chief priests and elders were the target of this parable.  They, like the tenants, had rejected the messengers (i.e. the prophets) that had been sent to them and ultimately had rejected God’s Son, Jesus.   The parable challenges us not to reject those messengers God sends into our lives.  

Our first reading this Sunday from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah shares the theme of the Gospel.  It speaks of a vineyard that, despite the loving care of its owner, yielded only “wild grapes.”  In the Old Testament, the “vineyard” was a symbol of Gods people.

 
For our second reading this Sunday we continue to read from the Letter of Saint Paul to the Philippians.   In the section we read today Paul urges us by prayer and petition to make our requests known to God “Then the peace of God that surpasses all understanding will guard your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.”   

Questions for Reflection/Discussion:
1.  Has there been a time when you have rejected the “messengers” God has sent into your life?
2.  Can you identify people in your life who have been messengers of God’s love? 
3.   When have you experienced the peace of God that surpasses all understanding? 

Several years ago I decided to make my annual retreat at a Trappist Monastery in Conyers, Georgia. In making this decision, I thought I could kill three birds with one stone. First and foremost, it would give me a chance to make a retreat a quiet and prayerful place. Additionally, though, since I was going on retreat in January it would afford me the opportunity to get away for a week from the cold winter in Minnesota. Finally, at the end of the retreat I could spend a couple days with one of my brothers and his family who live north of Atlanta.  

Now, while the monastery was indeed very conducive to prayer, and while I enjoyed the time I spent with my brother and his family, the weather did not cooperate. A couple of nights the temperature hovered around the freezing point and while there was sunshine during the day, you definitely needed a sweater and coat if you were going outside. This caused me to spend more time in the chapel—which was not a bad thing. 

One of my favorite memories of that retreat occurred each morning when I would join the monks for Morning Prayer. I suspect the chapel was one of the first things the monks built when the monastery was founded. I say this because the heat for the chapel came from a central source, and was not dispersed via a ventilation system throughout the chapel. Thus, the further you got away from that central source the colder you were. In the morning, the younger monks would bring four elderly monks who were in wheelchairs to the chapel. These monks would have their capes and robes wrapped tightly around them to keep warm. When they were brought into the chapel, though, instead of going to the pews these monks would be positioned in front of the central heating vent where it was warmest. When the fan for the heat kicked in and the warm air began to fill the chapel, these monks would open their capes to capture the warmth and draw it into themselves. I looked forward to watching this each morning.  

As I reflected on this experience during the retreat, it struck me that it was a wonderful metaphor for welcoming God into our lives. Often times we can be wrapped up tightly by different things that are going on in our lives. Sometimes past hurts keep us bound up and closed off. At other times it could be our fears or worries. Sometimes it can be excessive busyness or addictive behaviors. At these times, it is difficult for us to be open to God and the grace God wants to offer us. If we can open ourselves to God’s grace, though, it can and will make a difference.  

The issue, though, is where do we find God’s grace? Well, I think we can take a hint from the monks at that Trappist Monastery. They knew that if they went to the source of the heat, not only would that be the warmest place, but when the heating fan kicked in they would be flooded with warmth. In a similar way, when we are feeling bound or at a distance from God’s grace, if we can go to where we have felt and experienced God’s grace in the past, eventually we will find and feel God’s grace anew. And if we open ourselves to it, it will flood over us and warm our souls.  

There are times in each of our lives when we feel bound, or stuck, or at a distance from God’s grace. When these times occur, we should not retreat into ourselves. Instead we need to remember and go to those places where we have felt close to God or where we have experienced God’s grace in the past. In my own life when I have done this, I found God patiently waiting there for me and inviting me to let his grace wash over me and warm my soul.  

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser. 
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/092814.cfm 

In our Gospel this Sunday we read the story of a man who had two sons both of whom he asked to go and work in his vineyard.  The first one said he wouldn’t, but then changed his mind and did go and work.  The second said he would, but then didn’t go and work.  Jesus then asked the chief priests and elders:  “Which of the two did his father’s will?  They answered, ‘The first’.”  

Whenever I read this Gospel the words that come to mind are “Actions speak louder than words.”   Many years ago I worked with an individual who was very amiable and most pleasant whenever we discussed an issue or concern in their work area.   They would agree to a certain course of action, or to follow through on something and then ……………………….. nothing.   Actually there was something:  excuses, rationalizations, and promises to do better next time.   Unfortunately, the next time the same thing would happen.  We would talk; they would agree on what needed to be done; and then ………………….. nothing.  This person reminds me very much of the second son in our Gospel this Sunday.   He said the right words, but his actions didn’t correspond to his words. 

In one way or another all three of our readings for this Sunday remind us that there needs to be a correspondence between our actions and our words.   It is easy to say the right thing.   It is much harder to say, and then to do the right thing.   And the right thing for us as Christians, as St. Paul reminds us in our second reading today, is: “Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory; rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves, each looking out not for his own interests, but also for those of others.”   

Questions for Reflection/Discussion 
1.    Has there been a time when your words were bold, but your actions have been inadequate?  What were the consequences?   
2.    In the Gospels, Jesus seems to focus a lot of time and energy on two different groups:  The Scribes and Pharisees, and the Tax Collectors and Prostitutes.   Why do you think that was?  
3.    In regard to the second reading, what does it mean for you to have the same attitude as Jesus Christ?   

For this Sunday’s readings click on the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.
http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/092114.cfm

I think this Sunday’s Gospel contains one of Jesus’ most difficult parables.  It is the parable of the landowner who went out at various times of the day to hire laborers for his vineyard.  When the time came to pay the workers they were all paid the same, even those who were hired late in the day.  When those who were hired first complained about this the landowner said:  “My friend, I am not cheating you.  Did you not agree with me for the usual daily wage? Take what is yours and go.  What if I wish to give this last one the same as you? Or am I not free to do as I wish with my own money?  Are you envious because I am generous?”

Now as I have mentioned previously parables are not meant to be taken literally.   They are simply stories that Jesus used to tell us something about God or about our relationship with God.   The point of a parable occurs when our sense of what is right or proper is troubled.  In the case of today’s parable that point occurs is when everyone is paid the same.  We need to understand that this parable was not meant to tell us something about laborers or wages.  Rather it is a story about God’s love.  It reminds us that God’s love is different from human love.  God loves all of us freely, equally, and without measure. It doesn’t matter when we come to God or let God into our lives.   

Our first reading this Sunday is from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah.  Now usually the first reading and the Gospel reading share a common theme.   (The second reading may continue that theme, but more often it is a continuous reading usually from one of Paul’s letters.)   I think the link between the first reading today and the Gospel is found in the words from the first reading.  “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways my ways, says the Lord.”   

Our second reading this Sunday is from the Letter of Saint Paul to the Philippians.  In the section we read this weekend, Paul rejoices that Christ will be glorified whether he lives or dies.  He then urges the Philippians: “Only conduct yourselves in a way worthy of the gospel of Christ.”  

Questions for Reflection/Discussion:

1.  The laborers in this Gospel today grumbled against the landowner because they didn’t think he was being fair.  Have you ever grumbled against God?
2.  Through the prophet Isaiah God told the people that God’s thoughts were not their thoughts nor their ways God’s ways.  Has there been a time when you haven’t understood God’s ways and/or thoughts?     
3.  What does it mean for you to conduct yourself in a way worthy of the gospel of Christ?  

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